Who Pays Attorney Fees at Closing?

Closing on a home is an exciting but complex process involving various fees and expenses for buyers and sellers. One common question often arises during this time is, “Who pays for attorney fees at closing?” In this guide, we’ll explore the world of closing costs, explicitly focusing on attorney fees, and clarify who typically covers these expenses in a real estate transaction.

Understanding Closing Costs

Before we dive into the specifics of attorney fees, let’s have a brief overview of closing costs. Closing costs are the fees and expenses of finalizing a real estate transaction. These costs encompass a wide range of items, and they are usually shared between the buyer and the seller, although the allocation can vary based on negotiations and local customs.

For buyers, closing costs typically include loan origination fees, appraisal fees, prepaid taxes, and other one-time expenses. On the other hand, sellers are responsible for covering real estate agent commissions, seller credits, and, in some cases, attorney fees. Now, let’s delve into the topic of attorney fees.

Who Pays Attorney Fees at Closing?

Attorney fees at closing are typically paid by the party that requires legal representation during the transaction. Whether the buyer or seller pays these fees can vary depending on several factors, including state laws, local customs, and individual agreements between the parties involved.

  1. State Laws: 

In some states, it is customary for buyers and sellers to have separate attorneys present at closing. Both parties would generally be responsible for their respective attorney fees in such cases. However, having different attorneys may not be the norm in other states, and the party requiring legal representation usually foots the bill.

  1. Local Customs: 

Local real estate customs can influence who pays attorney fees. In some regions, it might be customary for the buyer to hire an attorney, while in others, the seller may do so. These customs can impact the negotiation process.

  1. Negotiations: 

The allocation of attorney fees is not set in stone and can be subject to negotiation between the buyer and seller. It’s essential to clearly define the responsibilities regarding attorney fees in the purchase agreement or contract. Both parties can agree on how these fees will be divided or shared.

Common Closing Costs for Buyers

Now that we’ve clarified the role of attorney fees in closing costs, let’s take a closer look at some typical closing costs that buyers typically incur:

  1. Loan Origination Fee: 

This fee covers administrative services provided by the lender, including application processing, loan underwriting, and funding the mortgage.

  1. Credit Report Fee: 

This small fee covers obtaining the borrower’s credit report to assess their credit health.

  1. Appraisal Fee: 

An appraiser assesses the property’s value, and buyers are usually responsible for paying this fee.

  1. Home Inspection Fee: 

Buyers often pay for a home inspection, which evaluates the house’s physical condition.

  1. Title Service Fee: 

This includes the cost of a title search, the premium for the lender’s title insurance policy, and other associated title insurance expenses. Depending on local customs, sellers may cover some of these fees.

  1. Recording Fee: 

Local governments charge recording fees for documenting deeds, mortgages, and other relevant documents.

  1. Prepaid Expenses 

It may include prorated property taxes, interest until the first mortgage payment is due, and homeowners’ insurance. Depending on the lender and local regulations, an escrow account may be established to cover these expenses.

Common Closing Costs for Sellers

For sellers, the following are typical closing costs:

  1. Real Estate Agent Commissions: 

This is a significant expense, usually 5% to 6% of the home’s sale price, and is typically split between the listing agent and the buyer’s agent.

  1. Transfer Tax: 

This is a tax the state or local government imposes on the transaction.

  1. Seller Credits: 

Sellers may contribute funds to cover a portion of the buyer’s closing costs or necessary repairs.

  1. Attorney Fees: 

Attorney fees for sellers may be incurred if state laws require legal representation at closing or if both parties prefer to have attorneys present.

  1. Title Insurance: 

Depending on local customs and negotiations, the seller may share the cost of the buyer’s title insurance policy.

How to Reduce Closing Costs

Closing costs can add up, but there are steps buyers and sellers can take to reduce these expenses potentially:

For Buyers:

  1. Shop Around: Compare lenders and loan offers to find the most favorable terms and lower fees.
  2. Negotiate: Ask the seller to cover some closing costs through seller concessions. However, be prepared for the possibility of a higher home price to offset these concessions.

For Sellers:

  1. Negotiate: Work with the buyer to agree on sharing closing costs. Negotiating these terms can lead to a more favorable arrangement.


Closing costs are a part of every real estate transaction, and attorney fees can be a component of these costs. Who pays attorney fees at closing depends on various factors, including state laws, local customs, and negotiations between the parties involved. 

It’s crucial for both buyers and sellers to clearly define their responsibilities regarding attorney fees in the purchase agreement or contract to avoid misunderstandings and ensure a smooth closing process.

Understanding the breakdown of closing costs and exploring ways to reduce them potentially can help buyers and sellers navigate the real estate market more effectively. By being well-informed and proactive, you can make the most of your real estate transaction while managing your financial responsibilities.

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